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Proceedings of the International Plant Propagator's Society

Vol. 54

Propagation of Giant Cane (Arundinaria gigantea) Using Rhizome Cuttings

James J. Zaczek, Karl W.J. Williard, Sara G. Baer and John W. Groninger

pp: 408-411


There is a great deal of interest in the ecological restoration of giant cane or switchcane (Arundinaria gigantea (Walter) Muhl.), a North American native bamboo. A member of the Poaceae family, the species is a component of bottomland and riparian forest ecosystems ranging from southern Maryland west to southern Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri, south to central Florida, and west to Texas (Marsh, 1977; Simon, 1986). Giant cane dominated communities better known as canebreaks formerly occupied extensive areas throughout the region (Smart et al., 1960; Platt and Brantley, 1993) but land conversion has greatly reduced canebreak ecosystems to a fraction of their former extent. Canebreaks are now considered to be a critically endangered ecosystem that hosts a number of rare wildlife species (Platt and Brantley, 1997; Bell, 2000; Platt et al., 2001). Giant cane growing along streams, lakes, and wetlands can serve as a filter that enhances water quality, stabilizes stream

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