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Proceedings of the International Plant Propagator's Society

Vol. 54

Propagation of Myrica gale by Micropropagation and Traditional Propagation Techniques

P. MacDonald, K.P. Svoboda, J. Gemmell and R. Shearer

pp: 246-250


The genus Myrica consists of about 60 species of shrubs and small trees with worldwide distribution. Myrica gale is a deciduous, erect nitrogen-fixing shrub commonly found in open peat lands and along shores of sea, lakes, and streams in northern Europe and North America. Wet heath, upland moors, and swamps can support large communities. It can tolerate a wide range of pH (3.8 to 6.1) and grows at altitudes ranging from sea level to 400 m. The nameMyrica is derived from Greek,probably connected with the word "myron", meaning perfume.

It can reach a height of 0.6 to 2 m. The main stem is brown, twigs are reddish-brown with alternate sub-sessile green leaves (2 to 5 cm long), and volatile oil glands are found on both surfaces. Flowers are borne on the bare wood of the previous year's growth and appear before leaves. The plant is usually dioecious,but monoecious plants and hermaphrodite flowers also occur. The male catkins are reddish brown, 10 mm long, and appear usually in May

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