Domesticating the Wild Palm: A Survey of Palms and Their Culture Suitable for California and the Pacific Coast
I intend to give a general overview of the care, selection, and cultural requirements of some of the palms used in Southern California.
- The palm family has 2800 different species, with over 200 genera, 20 to 30 of which are found in Southern California.
- Palms are monocots so they have some very unique characteristics.
- Stems are comprised of vascular bundles rather than a continuous vascular system.
- It is nearly impossible to girdle a palm and they can also be planted deeper than the original crown.
- A majority of our palms are solitary or single trunk and have one apical bud. You cannot cut the top out of the tree to produce secondary growth.
- Palms have a temporary root system that is in continual process of losing old and initiating new roots. This occurs at a higher rate when soil and air temperatures are warm.
- The bulk of root systems are usually in the top surface of the soil mass (4 to 6 ft).
- An ideal time to transplant palms is during the warmer months,
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