Breeding New Selections of Repeat Blooming Daylilies
Arlow Stout (1876–1957), while at the New York Botanical Garden, played a pivotal role in the development of modern daylilies. Through his various contacts (especially Albert Steward, 1897–1959, working at Nanking University in China), he was able to collect several Hemerocallis species and many of the existing cultivars. He used these plants for hybridizing and described them in a book entitled, Daylilies, published in 1934. Stout's well-documented ground work set the stage for the cultivar explosion that was to follow.
The effort was slowed by the Great Depression of the 1930s and World War II but met new enthusiasm in 1946 when the Midwest Hemerocallis Society was formed and hundreds of amateurs began breeding daylilies.
My first exposure to daylilies, was with the plant, H. fulva, ‘Europa’, which made its way to America with the European immigrants; Stout gave it cultivar designation ‘Europa’. Its common name was the tawny daylily and it was planted under the roof eaves on the south side
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