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Proceedings of the International Plant Propagator's Society

Vol. 46

Ginseng: Seed Germination and General Culture

Leonard P. Stoltz

pp: 550-556


American ginseng, Panax quinquefolius, was first discovered in Quebec, Canada in 1704 by Michael Sarrasin and was later rediscovered near Montreal, Canada in 1716 by a Jesuit missionary, Father Lafitau. Father Lafitau began searching for the plant after reading an article written by a Jesuit missionary in China which extolled the medicinal value of the Chinese ginseng, P. ginseng, and suggested that the plant might also occur on the North American continent. Samples of the root were sent to China for confirmation that it was the medicinal plant desired. By 1720 a company was formed to gather, dry, and ship the root to China. Gathering of the wild root continued through the years and by the mid-1800s had resulted in the decimation of wild ginseng in much of its natural range. By the beginning of the 20th century, several individuals were attempting to cultivate ginseng. One of the problems of successful ginseng cultivation involves seed germination, which requires up

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