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Proceedings of the International Plant Propagator's Society

Vol. 41

Title:
Use of Pheromones in Pest Management1

Author:
Helmut Riedl

pp: 255-260

Abstract:
Insects have a highly developed chemical communication system. They use chemical signals more than any other animal group to communicate among themselves and with the outside world All messenger substances which regulate behavior between individuals of the same species are called pheromones. The pheromone communication system is most advanced in social insects. Pheromones can have many different functions. For example, sex pheromones help bring males and females together for mating and reproduction. Alarm pheromones are commonly found in ants, bees, and wasps to alert the colony about imminent danger from an intruder. Ants can also produce a trail pheromone which guides members of the colony to a recently discovered food source. Aggregation pheromones are used by bark beetles (Scolytidae) during mass attacks to attract mates and increase the number of beetles attacking a tree. Of all the behavioral chemicals which are involved in within-species communication, sex pheromones have found

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