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  Eur.J.Hortic.Sci. 80 (6) 316-321 | DOI: 10.17660/eJHS.2015/80.6.7
ISSN 1611-4426 print and 1611-4434 online | © ISHS 2015 | European Journal of Horticultural Science | Original article

The physiology of Curcuma alismatifolia Gagnep. as a basis for the improvement of ornamental production

S. Ruamrungsri1,2
1Department of Plant and Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
2H.M. The King’s Initiative Centre for Flower and Fruit Propagation, Chiang Mai, Thailand

This review addresses the research on the physiology of Curcuma alismatifolia to improve the understanding of this plant, a tropical flower crop that has become popular as a cut flower, a potted plant and a garden plant. C. alismatifolia Gagnep., called the Siam Tulip or Patumma, is widely cultivated as an ornamental Curcuma for cut flowers and potted plants because of the attractive inflorescence with pink coma bracts rhizomes to the world market. The review considers its distribution (widely in Thailand and Cambodia), growth cycle, flowering physiology, diurnal photosynthesis, nitrogen metabolism (including with N-sources, utilization, transports and N2 fixation) and carbohydrate metabolism, which may be beneficial for the improvement of crop production.

Keywords carbohydrate metabolism, flowering, nitrogen metabolism, photosynthesis, rhizome quality

Significance of this study

What is already known on this subject?

  • C. alismatifolia is called ‘Siam Tulip’ which is known as an ornamental pot plant and cut flower in the world market. Rhizomes are exported from Thailand to markets in temperate zone in December to January and then they were forced to flower in May to late summer. In general, temperature, light intensity, fertilizer application and sunshine duration are important factors for plant growth and development.
What are the new findings?
  • Most of the environmental factors affecting growth and development of this plant are summarized and reviewed, including distribution and morphology, growth cycle, flowering physiology and development, diurnal photosynthesis, nitrogen metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, plant growth regulators and post-harvest physiology.
What is the expected impact on horticulture?
  • These findings will be beneficial for C. alismatifolia forcing and also for improvement of flower and rhizome qualities by growers.

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Received: 9 December 2014 | Revised: 19 May 2015 | Accepted: 10 July 2015 | Published: 21 December 2015 | Available online: 21 December 2015

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