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  Eur.J.Hortic.Sci. 80 (4) 183-189 | DOI: 10.17660/eJHS.2015/80.4.6
ISSN 1611-4426 print and 1611-4434 online | © ISHS 2015 | European Journal of Horticultural Science | Original article

The effect of two biopreparations on rhizogenesis in stem cuttings of Cotinus coggygria Scop.

A. Pacholczak, P. Petelewicz, K. Jagiełło-Kubiec and A. Ilczuk
Department of Ornamental Plants, Faculty of Horticulture, Biotechnology and Landscape Architecture, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Warszawa, Poland

Biopreparations stimulate numerous physiological and biochemical processes in plants yet they have little environmental impact. This study evaluated two biopreparations for their effect on rooting of stem cuttings in two cultivars of smoke tree (Cotinus coggygria). During rooting, cuttings were sprayed once, twice or three times with aqueous solutions of 0.2% AlgaminoPlant or 0.1% Route. To evaluate their effectiveness relative to the treatments routinely used in the nursery production, some cuttings were treated with a rooting powder Rhizopon AA containing a synthetic auxin IBA (2%) or sprayed with a water solution of IBA (200 mg dm -3). Both biopreparations tested enhanced rhizogenesis in both cultivars. They increased the content of phenolic compounds in the leaves of cuttings and stimulated the activity of catalase, while lowering the content of hydrogen peroxide. Given the performance of the two tested preparations it appears that they can be recommended to growers as a replacement for synthetic IBA in nursery production, yet further trials are needed or the effects are variable depending on a year and a plant species/cultivar.

Keywords catalase, hydrogen peroxide, peroxidase, rooting, smoke tree

Significance of this study

What is already known on this subject?

  • Biopreparations constitute a group of compounds containing natural substances with little, if any, predicted environmental effect. They have been viewed as biological substances that stimulate certain physiological or biochemical processes related to rhizogenesis.
What are the new findings?
  • Both biopreparations tested enhanced rhizogenesis in smoke tree and affected processes related to oxidative stress in cuttings, lowering the content of hydrogen peroxide and stimulating activity of catalase. They also increased the content of phenolic compounds.
What is the expected impact on horticulture?
  • The results obtained in this work show that the biostimulators positively affect rhizogenesis and may replace auxin-based rooting powders. They have a potential for the improvement of ornamental plant production in a changing regulatory environment.

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Received: 11 November 2014 | Revised: 12 June 2015 | Accepted: 23 June 2015 | Published: 23 August 2015 | Available online: 23 August 2015

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