ISHS
  eJHS
     
EJHS
Home


Submit
an article


Subscriptions

ISHS Home

ISHS Contact

Search

eJHS
  Eur.J.Hortic.Sci. 80 (1) 18-24 | DOI: 10.17660/eJHS.2015/80.1.3
ISSN 1611-4426 print and 1611-4434 online | © ISHS 2015 | European Journal of Horticultural Science | Original article

Fruit quality as affected by 1-MCP treatment and DCA storage - a comparison of the two methods

S. Gabioud Rebeaud and F. Gasser
Agroscope, Institute for Food Sciences, Switzerland

SUMMARY
Two new tools for better preservation of fruit quality have been developed in recent years, the treatment of apples with 1-MCP and dynamic controlled atmosphere storage (DCA). The effect of 1-MCP treatment and DCA on ethylene production and quality of ‘Golden Delicious’ apples harvested at two different ripening stages was evaluated in our study over two consecutive years. 1-MCP treatment delayed the climacteric increase of ethylene production and led to better retention of quality during RA- and ULO-storage and subsequent shelf life compared to non-treated apples. In order to achieve the optimum effect of 1-MCP, the treatment must be carried out within 7 days after harvest, as recommended by the supplier of 1-MCP. In most cases, DCA improved quality retention during storage in terms of fruit firmness and acidity compared to ULO-storage. The use of the two methods depends on the cultivars stored and conditions such as the infrastructure of the storage facility and type of handling and marketing of the apples.

Keywords DCA, 1-MCP, ethylene, fruit quality, maturity

Significance of this study

What is already known on this subject?

  • The application of 1-MCP and of the dynamic CA-storage (DCA) are well known technological methods in order to retain apple fruit quality during industrial storage and during subsequent shelf life. The two methods are widely used today in Western Europe.
What are the new findings?
  • Based on long-term storage trials with identical fruit of selected apple cultivars, 1-MCP treatment and DCA could be compared directly with regard to fruit quality and physiological behavior of fruit.
What is the expected impact on horticulture?
  • Results show, that both methods are effective, but that the fruit quality retention during storage and subsequent shelf life is more consistent for the 1-MCP treatment than for DCA. However, the question, which method is best applied in practice, depends on the specific situation of consumer demands, logistics and marketing of apples.

Download fulltext version How to cite this article       Export citation to RIS format      

E-mail: franz.gasser@agroscope.admin.ch  

References

  • AgroFresh (2012). SmartFresh Quality System - 2012 - Switzerland, Information brochure. AgroFresh Inc. PA.
  • Beaudry, R.M. (1999). Effect of O2 and CO2 partial pressure on selected phenomena affecting fruit and vegetable quality. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 15, 293–303. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(98)00092-1
  • Blankenship, S.M., and Dole, J.M. (2003). 1-methylcyclopropene: a review. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 28, 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(02)00246-6
  • Fan, X., Blankenship, S.M., and Mattheis, J.P. (1999). 1-methylcyclopropene inhibits apple ripening. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 124, 690–695.
  • Fan, X., and Mattheis, J.P. (1999). Impact of 1-methylcyclopropene and methyl jasmonate on apple volatile production. J. Agr. Food Chem. 47, 2847–2853. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990221s
  • Gasser, F., Eppler, T., Naunheim, W., Gabioud, S., and Höhn, E. (2008). Lagerung von Äpfeln unter dynamisch kontrollierter Atmosphäre. Agrarforschung 15, 98–103.
  • Gasser, F., Eppler, T., Naunheim, W., Gabioud, S., and Bozzi Nising, A. (2010). Dynamic CA Storage of Apples: Monitoring of the Critical Oxygen Concentration and Adjustment of Optimum Conditions during Oxygen Reduction. Acta Hort. 876, 39–46. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2010.876.3
  • Höhn, E., Gasser, F., and Siegrist, J.P. (2006). Obsteinlagerung 2006. Schweiz. Z. Obst-Weinbau 16, 9–13.
  • Höhn, E., Baumgartner, D., Crespo, P., and Gasser, F. (2007). Reifesteuerung und Apfellagerung mit 1-Methylcyclopropen (MCP). Agrarforschung 14, 188–193.
  • Köpcke, D. (2010). SmartFresh und DCA-Lagerung. Obstbau 8, 442–444.
  • Lelièvre, J.M., Latché, A., Jones, B., Bouzayen, M., and Pech, J.C. (1997). Ethylene and fruit ripening. Physiol. Plantarum 101, 727–739. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.1997.1010408.x
  • Pre-Aymard, C., Weksler, A., and Lurie, S. (2003). Responses of ‘Anna’, a rapidly ripening summer apple, to 1-methylcyclopropene. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 27, 163–170. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(02)00069-8
  • Rupasinghe, H.P.V., Murr, D.P., Paliyath, G., and Skog, L. (2000). Inhibitory effect of 1-MCP on ripening and superficial scald development in ‘McIntosh’ and ‘Delicious’ apples. J. Hort. Sci. Biotech. 75, 271–276.
  • Schouten, S.P., Prange, R.K., and Verschoor, J. (1997). Improvement of quality of Elstar apples by dynamic control of ULO conditions. In Proceedings of the Seventh International Controlled Atmosphere Research Conference, Vol. 2, pp. 71–78.
  • Song, J., and Bangerth, F. (1996). The effect of harvest date on aroma compound production from ‘Golden Delicious’ apple fruit and relationship to respiration and ethylene production. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 8, 259–269. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2006.01.005
  • Tatsuki, M., Endo, A., and Ohkawa, H. (2007). Influence of time from harvest to 1-MCP treatment on apple fruit quality and expression of genes for ethylene biosynthesis enzymes and ethylene receptors. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 43, 28–35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.08.010
  • Watkins, C.B. (2006). The use of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) on fruits and vegetables. Biotechnol. Adv. 24, 389–409. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2006.01.005
  • Watkins, C.B., and Nock, J.F. (2005). Rapid 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) treatment and delayed controlled atmosphere storage of apples. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 69, 24–31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2012.02.010
  • Watkins, C.B., Nock, J.F., and Whitaker, B.D. (2000). Responses of early, mid and late season apple cultivars to postharvest application of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) under air and controlled atmosphere storage conditions. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 19, 17–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(00)00070-3
  • Xuan, H., and Streif, J. (2005). Effect of 1-MCP on the respiration and ethylene production as well as on the formation of aroma volatiles in ‘Jonagold’ apple during storage. Acta Hort. 682, 1203–1210. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.682.160
  • Zanella, A. (2003). Control of apple superficial scald and ripening – a comparison between 1-methylcyclopropene and diphenylamine postharvest treatments, initial low oxygen stress and ultra-low oxygen storage. Postharvest Biol. Tec. 27, 68–78. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(02)00187-4

Received: 28 January 2013 | Accepted: 10 October 2013 | Published: 26 February 2015 | Available online: 26 February 2015

previous article     Volume 80 issue 1     next article