Eur.J.Hortic.Sci. 80 (1) 18-24 | DOI: 10.17660/eJHS.2015/80.1.3|
ISSN 1611-4426 print and 1611-4434 online | © ISHS 2015 | European Journal of Horticultural Science | Original article
Fruit quality as affected by 1-MCP treatment and DCA storage - a comparison of the two methods
S. Gabioud Rebeaud and F. Gasser
Agroscope, Institute for Food Sciences, Switzerland
Two new tools for better preservation of fruit
quality have been developed in recent years, the
treatment of apples with 1-MCP and dynamic controlled
atmosphere storage (DCA). The effect of
1-MCP treatment and DCA on ethylene production
and quality of ‘Golden Delicious’ apples harvested at
two different ripening stages was evaluated in our
study over two consecutive years. 1-MCP treatment
delayed the climacteric increase of ethylene production
and led to better retention of quality during
RA- and ULO-storage and subsequent shelf life
compared to non-treated apples. In order to achieve
the optimum effect of 1-MCP, the treatment must be
carried out within 7 days after harvest, as recommended
by the supplier of 1-MCP. In most cases, DCA
improved quality retention during storage in terms
of fruit firmness and acidity compared to ULO-storage.
The use of the two methods depends on the cultivars
stored and conditions such as the infrastructure
of the storage facility and type of handling and
marketing of the apples.
DCA, 1-MCP, ethylene, fruit quality, maturity
Significance of this study
What is already known on this subject?
What are the new findings?
The application of 1-MCP and of the dynamic CA-storage
(DCA) are well known technological methods in
order to retain apple fruit quality during industrial
storage and during subsequent shelf life. The two
methods are widely used today in Western Europe.
What is the expected impact on horticulture?
Based on long-term storage trials with identical fruit
of selected apple cultivars, 1-MCP treatment and
DCA could be compared directly with regard to fruit
quality and physiological behavior of fruit.
Results show, that both methods are effective, but
that the fruit quality retention during storage and
subsequent shelf life is more consistent for the 1-MCP
treatment than for DCA. However, the question,
which method is best applied in practice, depends on
the specific situation of consumer demands, logistics
and marketing of apples.
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Received: 28 January 2013 | Accepted: 10 October 2013 | Published: 26 February 2015 | Available online: 26 February 2015