Volume 64 Number 2 Article 3 Pages: 78-82
Year 2010 Month 4
Title: A Century of Muscadine Grape (Vitis rotundifolia Michx.) Breeding at the University of Georgia
Author: P.J. Conner
Muscadine grapes have been cultivated commercially in the southeastern United States since the middle of the
Production trends have waxed and waned, but there is a renewed interest in this grape because of
recent studies indicating their high nutraceutical content.
Early cultivars were simply selections from the wild,
but current cultivars were all developed from breeding programs.
The University of Georgia (UGA) operates the
oldest and largest breeding program dedicated to the improvement of the muscadine grape.
The UGA program
began in 1909 and over the years has released over 30 cultivars.
One of those cultivars, the bronze skinned ‘Fry’,
is the leading cultivar for fresh market use and is widely grown.
More recent releases such as ‘Summit’ and
‘Tara’ are gaining in popularity.
Current goals of the breeding program include the development of new cultivars
which combine large berry size with perfect flowers, earlier and later maturing cultivars, berries with dry stem
scars and edible skins, and increased cold hardiness.
Recently work has begun in using several Euvitis Planch. ×
Muscadinia Planch. hybrids in order to introduce disease resistance and quality traits into V. rotundifolia Michx.
Full text download: APS subscribers
ISHS members & pay-per-view
(PDF 316009 bytes)
APS membership administration
ISHS membership administration