Volume 59 Number 2 Article 10 Pages: 68-71
Year 2005 Month 4
Title: A Retrospective of Blackberry Breeding and Production in Arkansas (Hedrick Student Award Review Paper 2004)
Authors: E.T. Stafne and J.R. Clark
Domestication of American blackberry
species began in the late 1820s (1). However,
improved, named cultivars did not become
popular until the 1840s and 1850s, when
'Dorchester' and 'Lawton' were widely
The initial report of blackberries
being grown in Arkansas occurred around
1880 (2). The first documented cultivar
released in the state of Arkansas was named
'Bauer', after C.P. Bauer who discovered it
in 1890 (1) (Table 1), although not much is
currently known about this cultivar.
J. Stinson, horticulturist at the University of
Arkansas, reported that the primary cultivars
grown in Arkansas were 'Early Harvest',
'Lawton', and 'Snyder' (5). 'Early Harvest'
was a derivative of Rubus laudatus Berger,
also known as the "plains blackberry". Its
adaptation to the central plains region of
the U.S. likely contributed to its success in
Arkansas. 'Lawton' was imported from New
York with the background of R. allegheniensis
Porter × R.frondosus Bigel.
Both are common
eastern North American blackberry species
and are widely adapted to this region.
hybridization of R. allegheniensis and R.
frondosus also gave rise to 'Snyder' (1).
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