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Journal of the American Pomological Society
(J Am Pom Soc)

American Pomological Society

Volume 59 Number 2 Article 10 Pages: 68-71
Year 2005 Month 4
Title: A Retrospective of Blackberry Breeding and Production in Arkansas (Hedrick Student Award Review Paper 2004)
Authors: E.T. Stafne and J.R. Clark
Domestication of American blackberry species began in the late 1820s (1). However, improved, named cultivars did not become popular until the 1840s and 1850s, when 'Dorchester' and 'Lawton' were widely planted. The initial report of blackberries being grown in Arkansas occurred around 1880 (2). The first documented cultivar released in the state of Arkansas was named 'Bauer', after C.P. Bauer who discovered it in 1890 (1) (Table 1), although not much is currently known about this cultivar. In 1896, J. Stinson, horticulturist at the University of Arkansas, reported that the primary cultivars grown in Arkansas were 'Early Harvest', 'Lawton', and 'Snyder' (5). 'Early Harvest' was a derivative of Rubus laudatus Berger, also known as the "plains blackberry". Its adaptation to the central plains region of the U.S. likely contributed to its success in Arkansas. 'Lawton' was imported from New York with the background of R. allegheniensis Porter R.frondosus Bigel. Both are common eastern North American blackberry species and are widely adapted to this region. The hybridization of R. allegheniensis and R. frondosus also gave rise to 'Snyder' (1).

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