Volume 56 Number 4 Article 33 Pages: 197-201
Year 2002 Month 10
Title: Differences in Levels of Pectic Substances and Firmness in Fruit From Six Sweet Cherry Genotypes
Authors: C. Choi, P. Toivonen, P.A. Wiersma and F. Kappel
The composition of sweet cherry fruit cell-walls relative to firmness was investigated for six cultivars
and selections based on previous firmness data and harvest date at Summerland, B.C. Among the
cultivars and selections, 'Merpet' had the lowest fruit firmness (early ripening), followed by 13S-27-17,
'Celeste', 13S-34-50, 'Lapins', and 'Sweetheart' (late ripening). In general, the firmer fruit cultivars
and selections had a greater concentration of alcohol insoluble residues (AIR) (mg/g fruit) and more
total AIR per fruit.
Softer fruit genotypes had a greater amount of polymers weakly associated with the
cell wall (e.g., the water soluble fraction). However, softer fruits had less of the highly esterified and
tightly bound pectins (e.g., Na2CO3 soluble fraction). Total amount of hemicellulosic neutral sugars
and uronic acids were not related to fruit firmness.
Xyloglucan in hemicellulose fractions appeared to
be less in softer fruits but the relationship was not consistent across all cultivars and selections.
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