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Fruit Varieties Journal
(Fruit Var J)

American Pomological Society

Volume 53 Number 1 Article 1 Pages: 2-9
Year 1999 Month 1
Title: Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) Nut and Apple: A Review of Current Production and Handling Recommendations
Authors: J.C. Montealegre, N.F. Childers, S.A. Sargent, L.M. Barros and R.E. Alves
Cashew production has been an important economic activity for many tropical countries, providing a variety of food and industrial products (17). The most notable of its products is the cashew nut. Cashew belongs to the family Anacardiaceae that also includes mango and pistachio. The tree gets its scientific name, Anacardium occidentale L., from the heart-shaped nut (27). The cashew apple is actually a swollen receptacle, or false fruit, which supports the true fruit. Although the apple resembles a fleshy fruit, the protruding shell is actually the fruit which contains the prized kernel, or nut, inside.

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