Volume 47 Number 4 Article 7 Pages: 218-225
Year 1993 Month 10
Title: Hurricane Andrew Damages Tropical Fruit Crops in South Florida
Authors: R.J. Campbell, C.W. Campbell, J. Crane, C. Balerdi and S. Goldweber
On 24 August, 1992, Hurricane Andrew struck
South Florida's tropical fruit production area
with sustained winds of 230 kph and gusts
exceeding 280 kph.
Damage to Fruit crops in
cluded defruiting, defoliation, limb and trunk
breakage, windthrowing (uprooting), sunburning
and the stripping of bark from the trunks
and limbs by flying debris.
In general, older
and taller trees were more severely damaged
than younger and shorter trees.
removal, topping and other pruning practices
that reduced overall tree height and opened up
the canopy greatly reduced the occurrence of
windthrow and severe breakage.
occurred on lime, mango, passion fruit, lychee,
longan and sapodilla; damage was moderate on
atemoya, avocado, banana, coconut, mamey
sapote, papaya and sugar apple; and light dam
age occurred on carambola and guava.
extent of injury cannot yet be determined as
additional losses will occur due to the direct
trauma of the hurricane, insects and diseases,
cold temperatures and drought.
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