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Fruit Varieties Journal
(Fruit Var J)

American Pomological Society

Volume 46 Number 4 Article 6 Pages: 207-212
Year 1992 Month 10
Title: Raspberry Cultivars and Production in the Midwest
Authors: G.R. Nonnecke and J.J. Luby
Raspberry (Rubus spp.) cultivation has been an integral part of horticultural crop production in the Midwest. Adams (1) encouraged establishment of commercial raspberry plantings in the region as early as 1871 and by 1886 descriptions of midwestern raspberry cultivars were in print (12). Many early raspberry plantings were comprised of chance seedlings, but some varieties were selected and asexually propagated. Leading red, floricane-fruiting raspberry cultivars grown in the midwest in 1980 were 'Latham', 'Boyne', 'Canby', 'Newburgh' and smaller amounts of 'Hilton', 'Southland', and 'Chief'. The most widely planted red, primocane-fruiting raspberry was 'Heritage', which had replaced 'September'(9). The raspberry production area in the midwestern states reported by the United States Census of Agriculture (16, 17) was 712 hectares in 1978, 767 hectares in 1982, and 932 hectares in 1987. Lawrence (9) reported that two of the five leading states in raspberry production area in 1970 and 1980 were in the Midwest (Michigan and Minnesota). This paper provides an update on raspberry cultivars, production and associated aspects for the Midwest, also referred to as the North Central Region of the United States. For purposes of discussion, we have divided the region into two somewhat homogeneous subregions, the Lower Midwest (Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, and Ohio) and the Upper Midwest (Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin). A survey form was used in 1991 to obtain raspberry cultivar, production, and associated information. The survey was developed by Clark (2) and Strik (15) and adapted for raspberry cultivars in the North Central Region. Respondents (Table 1) provided information for red and purple, floricane-fruiting, black floricane-fruiting, and red primocane-fruiting raspberry types. The following information was requested for each state: 1) production area for 1980, 1990 and 2000 (projected), 2) most-popular cultivars of each type and trend of their production area, 3) new cultivars with potential, 4) marketing, 5) harvest method, 6) genetic characteristics of current cultivars that limit production, and 7) current research programs in each state. Respondents provided estimations since exact data were not available.

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