Volume 43 Number 3 Article 1 Pages: 90-95
Year 1989 Month 7
Title: 'Barcelona' Hazelnut
Authors: S.A. Mehlenbacher and A.N. Miller
'Barcelona' is the leading cultivar of
the European hazelnut (Corylus avellana
L.) grown in Oregon.
this species are known by many names,
owing to the great diversity in size and
shape of the nuts, husk length, and
geographic origin, and the rich folk
lore associated with it.
clude filbert, lambert nut, and Pontic
The term hazel is derived from the
Anglo-Saxon haesel, a hood or bonnet.
Variations of the term are used through
out Northern Europe.
The word "fil
bert" is believed to be a corruption of
the English "full-bearded" (Coote,
1898), referring to the long, fringed
husks which extend past and enclose
For centuries, the short-husked
types were called hazelnuts and the
long-husked types were called filberts.
Another possible origin of the word
"filbert" was pointed out by Bunyard
(1920). He noted that it may not be
mere coincidence that St.
day falls on August 22, coinciding with
the ripening of the nuts.
production in the Italian province of
Campania has been important in the
village of Avellino for centuries.
Spanish word for hazelnut is avellano.
These two, and the species name
adopted by Linnaeus, are believed to
be derived from Abellana, the location
in Asia from which the nuts were
supposedly introduced to Europe.
term lambert nut is thought to be a
corruption of "long-bearded" or the
German equivalent Langbart.
attribute it to the Italian Lombard
family who introduced the nut to Brit
The term Pontic nut is used for
hazelnuts from Turkey, where they are
extensively grown between the Pontic
mountains and the Black Sea coast.
Additional synonyms and their origins
are discussed by Lagerstedt (1975).
In the early years of hazelnut pro
duction in Oregon, growers adopted
the term "filbert" to distinguish their
superior product from the native wild
"hazelnuts." However, in order to im
prove marketing, there has been a
recent shift to using hazelnut, the more
universally recognized name.
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