Volume 40 Number 3 Article 2 Pages: 68-70
Year 1986 Month 7
Title: A Simple Method for Field Identification of Mahaleb (Prunus mahaleb L.) Cherry Rootstock
Author: R.L. Perry
Most sweet and sour (Amarelle)
cherry cultivars have long been graft
ed onto P. avium L. (mazzard) or P.
mahaleb L. (mahaleb) rootstocks (3,4,
5). These plants differ greatly in their
botanical characteristics (5,10) and in
their adaptability to environments and
subsequent rootstock performance (3,
4, 5, 10). For example, mahaleb performs well in deep well-drained soils,
but does not tolerate anaerobic conditions, while mazzard tolerates heavier
soils better but is subject to drought
stress in sandy-porous soils (2,3,4,6).
Mahaleb is more susceptible to root
rots caused by Phytophthora and Armillarea,
while mazzard is more sus
ceptible to crown gall and to lesion
nematodes (4, 7, 9). Scion cultivars
infected with X-disease live longer on
mahaleb and symptom expression differs according to the rootstock (4, 6).
In the west, gophers show preference
for mahaleb rooted trees over mazzard
(4). In colder climates, mazzard roots
are known to be more sensitive to low
temperature than mahaleb (1, 2).
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