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Fruit Varieties Journal
(Fruit Var J)

American Pomological Society

Volume 40 Number 2 Article 6 Pages: 51-55
Year 1986 Month 4
Title: Apple Cultivars Bred in Canada: Selections from Controlled Crosses for Commercial Production
Authors: B.C. Strik and J.T.A. Proctor
Apple breeding in Canada by controlled crosses for increased tree cold hardiness, fruit similar to 'Mclntosh' and 'Northern Spy' and, more recently, for scab resistance, has produced few commercial cultivars. 'Spartan' has been the most important introduction. Mutation breeding in Canada has produced Wijcik, a compact or columnar mutant of 'Mclntosh,' and it, or similar types may prove important in intensive orchards.

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