(J Fruit Var & Hort Digest)
A number of systems of training trees are discussed. These include cordon, single U espalier, double U espalier and horizontal espalier. A number of useful diagrams are included to illustrate the various systems.
Data are presented to show the size of tree, weight of prunings and number of apples produced on trees on six of the Malling stocks when trained to the cordon system.
The article also, includes suggestions concerning pollination, distance of planting, thinning of fruit, spraying and soil management.
In conclusion the author states, "while it is true that the systems of cultivation described above are not suitable for commercial production on a large scale, they have proved to be of value for garden use and the growing of these small trees can form an absorbing as well as a healthful hobby."
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