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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 830: IV Balkan Symposium on Vegetables and Potatoes

A HISTORICAL SURVEY OF CUCUMBER BREEDING IN ISRAEL

Author:   H. Davidi
Abstract:
Cucumber breeding in Israel is based on local race and introduction. From the local race, the variety Beit Alpha was selected and stabilized, and became a brand name for Middle Eastern cucumber varieties. Of this variety, the variety Delilah was breed using a Japanese variety as a source of WMMV2 CMV resistance. The varieties TMG1 and Surinam were the American introduction sources for breeding resistance to ZYMV and CVYV. The variety Bangalore from India was the introduction source for breeding resistance to Downy Mildew. A Chinese variety was the introduction source for breeding resistance to Powdery Mildew. C. Haradwickii is wild variety that was also used as a source for breeding. The water shortage in the Middle East led to the desire for protected greenhouse crops because of the higher yield per cubic meter of water than that of field crops. For this purpose English and Dutch long varieties were the introduction source for breeding varieties Kessem, Sarig and others.
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